Flashcards is a learning tool that comes in handy for teachers in a classroom environment, especially when they have to deal with learning deficiencies of children. Flashcards help in resolving hyperactive issues and attention-related learning disorders. This is a recommended learning tool for parents too when they are tackling with learning challenges with their children at home.
Below we have detailed how you can use flashcards for primary school children to improve reading skills, language skills, and mathematical skills. You can extend the use of flashcards in other areas of study too like – music, science, and other theory subjects.
Flashcards for better reading skills
If this is the first time your child is being introduced to flashcards, then begin with alphabet flashcards. Alphabet flashcards are used for both recognition of alphabet and the phonics associated with the alphabet. These flashcards are supported by relevant images that can enhance understanding of its usage.
After alphabet cards, bring in word cards. We would divide word cards as object cards and sight word cards. Object cards are easily comprehensible as they associate with tangible objects like birds, animals, furniture and so on. Sight words, on the other hand, are intangible words which are equally important in usage, like – the, for, at, an and so on.
The next level of cards is story cards. These are not just stories divided among cards, but creating a story out of a learning concept and introducing those as flashcards for better learning.
Here is one example of how to use story cards:
Flashcards for better language skills
It could be any language that you choose for your children; language flashcards help in learning the language faster.
Word + Meaning flashcards help your child learn vocabulary and its usage. It also helps in learning bits of grammar as they proceed to use each word. Here is an image that tells you how to prepare a vocabulary flashcard.
Ensure there aren’t any distractions on the card.
Story cards that are mentioned here are a little different from those mentioned for reading. These story cards help you understand the literature – prose, and poetry better. This is unique to each language.
Add a story byte that has a unique usage and add its interpretation, author’s intent and similar usage examples on the rear side of the card. While learning let the child view both sides and eventually should be able to memorize and reproduce just by looking at the front side of the story card.
Flashcards for better math skills
Number cards are not just used for counting but also for learning arithmetic operations. There are many flashcards that encourage mental math. Here are a few online resources that gamify use of math flashcards.
Ascend Math – Child can use it by itself with minimal parental help
Multiplication.com – Multiplication is gamified for the child.
Math drills – Flashcard resources for math drills from simple arithmetic concepts to complex high school math.
Apart from those, you could use any of the following downloadable resources which could be printed and used.
Math aids – basic arithmetic and clock with time
Factmonster – arithmetic with word problems
K5Learning – flashcards for uup toK-5
Flashcards with shapes are used to introduce different shapes, their spellings as well concepts of geometry.
Apart from shapes, Guruparents offers many downloadable flashcards. http://www.guruparents.com/shapes-flashcards/
How to use flashcards with children?
Choose a category that you want to teach your child. Set 5 flashcards ready before you begin the session. The entire session would not last more than 5 minutes. If it is taking more than that, then the method may turn out boring.
Let your child face you. Keep the cards with the fact or question facing the child and let the rear side containing the answer or solution face you.
Flash the cards with the fact and solution/question and answer, to begin with. You need to show both sides to begin with.
After 5 sessions spread across 5 days, start showing the card with a pause so that the child responds with the answer or solution.
You can also refer to some of the games associated with flashcards to make it a fun activity.